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In the 17th and 18th centuries, the project of modernity, as had been promoted by Bacon and Descartes, led to rapid scientific advance and the successful development of a new type of natural science, mathematical, methodically experimental, and deliberately innovative. Newton and Leibniz succeeded in developing a new physics, now referred to as classical mechanics , which could be confirmed by experiment and explained using mathematics. Leibniz also incorporated terms from Aristotelian physics , but now being used in a new non-teleological way, for example, " energy " and " potential " (modern versions of Aristotelian " energeia and potentia "). In the style of Bacon, he assumed that different types of things all work according to the same general laws of nature, with no special formal or final causes for each type of thing. It is during this period that the word "science" gradually became more commonly used to refer to a type of pursuit of a type of knowledge, especially knowledge of nature — coming close in meaning to the old term " natural philosophy ."

Using a network of American and European detectors, researchers have for the first time, found the 3D pattern of warping that occurs when black holes collide. It is the first time the Virgo facility near Pisa has picked up a significant gravitational wave signal, marking a new turning point for scientists hunting the strange phenomenon. Gravitational waves, which have only been observed four times in total, are distortions in the fabric of space-time created by some of the most violent events in the universe. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) time series, the time-frequency representation of the strain data and the time series data of the three detectors together with the inferred gravitational wave waveform are shown (inset)

Science article reviews

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