Teacher: I learned a lot about alligators and crocodiles from that passage. I noticed that the way the passage compared and contrasted alligators and crocodiles really helped me understand the ways that alligators and crocodiles are the same, and the ways that they are different. I also noticed that there were certain words and phrases that I saw as I was reading that let me know that this was a compare and contrast passage. Let's go back to the passage now and see if we can find any words or phrases that let us know that the passage is comparing and contrasting two types of animals. [Teacher and students read through the passage again, and create a list of compare-contrast words and phrases that includes both, similar, but, different, compare, and to tell apart.]
While summer is an enjoyable time of the year when you get to take vacations and spend time outside, winter is the better season for a variety of reasons. During summer, it is often too hot to spend a significant amount of time outside. In winter, all you need to do is add more layers in order to stay warm. Also, in the summer, vacation destinations are often overcrowded and expensive, while those same places might be easier to enjoy during the winter. Finally, there is nothing better than curling up under a blanket with hot chocolate, which is something you can only really do in winter.