Causes of the civil war essay outline

The result of the Civil War left many in the South bitter toward the integration of African Americans into society. Jim Crow Laws were those meant to punish and ostracize African-Americans in a “legal” manner.

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Social and economic issues went hand in hand, as the northern states grew more industrial and urban while the southern states remained rural and based around plantations. As the north progressed, abolition became a common idea, and ideas about slavery grew more divided and controversial. With the election of President Abraham Lincoln, who was opposed to slavery, southern states had further reason to secede from the Union. Lincoln was elected without southern support, which created a further fissure between the two groups. The exclusion, differences and disagreements about rights and slavery caused the southern states to secede and form the Confederate States of America.

The Democrats in Congress, controlled by Southerners, wrote the tariff laws in the 1830s, 1840s, and 1850s, and kept reducing rates so that the 1857 rates were the lowest since 1816. The Whigs and Republicans complained because they favored high tariffs to stimulate industrial growth, and Republicans called for an increase in tariffs in the 1860 election. The increases were only enacted in 1861 after Southerners resigned their seats in Congress. [41] [42] The tariff issue was and is sometimes cited–long after the war–by Lost Cause historians and neo-Confederate apologists. In 1860–61 none of the groups that proposed compromises to head off secession raised the tariff issue. [43] Pamphleteers North and South rarely mentioned the tariff, [44] and when some did, for instance, Matthew Fontaine Maury [45] and John Lothrop Motley , [46] they were generally writing for a foreign audience.

Causes of the civil war essay outline

causes of the civil war essay outline

The Democrats in Congress, controlled by Southerners, wrote the tariff laws in the 1830s, 1840s, and 1850s, and kept reducing rates so that the 1857 rates were the lowest since 1816. The Whigs and Republicans complained because they favored high tariffs to stimulate industrial growth, and Republicans called for an increase in tariffs in the 1860 election. The increases were only enacted in 1861 after Southerners resigned their seats in Congress. [41] [42] The tariff issue was and is sometimes cited–long after the war–by Lost Cause historians and neo-Confederate apologists. In 1860–61 none of the groups that proposed compromises to head off secession raised the tariff issue. [43] Pamphleteers North and South rarely mentioned the tariff, [44] and when some did, for instance, Matthew Fontaine Maury [45] and John Lothrop Motley , [46] they were generally writing for a foreign audience.

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